BIOL 211 - CELLULAR AND ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY
Lecture Outline for
Topic: energy, metabolism, enzymes
Chapter 5 all section 3
Figures used in lecture: 5.5, 5.9, 5.10, 5.12, 5.15, 5.16
energy, kinetic energy, potential energy, thermodynamics
You should be able to explain the First and Second Laws of thermodynamics and how they relate to metabolic reactions.
metabolism, reactants, products, endergonic, exergonic, anabolic, catabolic, ATP, ADP, redox reactions, reduction, oxidation, electron carriers, coupled reactions
You should be able to:
1. Describe any given reaction as catabolic or anabolic.
2. Explain the relationship between an anabolic and an endergonic reaction.
3. Explain the relationship between a catabolic and an exergonic reaction.
4. Describe the redox reactions that occur when energy is being transferred to an electron carrier such as NAD+.
5. Recognize the structure of ATP and explain how it carries energy.
6. Describe the energy transfers that occur between coupled reactions.
catalyst, enzyme, substrate, enzyme-substrate complex, product, active site, activation energy, enzyme specificity
You should be able to
1. Explain why enzymes are required for metabolic reactions.
2. List and explain the properties of enzymes.
3. Describe the interaction of an enzyme and a substrate at the active site.
4. Explain the factors that can alter enzyme specificity and hinder enzyme function.